Adoptive Transfer of Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes for Advanced Solid Cancers

This is a Phase 2 study to evaluate the efficacy of a non-myeloablative lymphodepleting preparative regimen followed by infusion of autologous TIL and high-dose aldesleukin in patients with locally advanced, recurrent, or metastatic cancer associated with one of the following cancer types: 1.) gastric/esophagogastric, 2.) colorectal, 3.) pancreatic, 4.) sarcoma, 5.) mesothelioma, 6.) neuroendocrine, 7.) squamous cell cancer, 8.) Merkle cell, 9.) mismatch repair deficient and/or microsatellite unstable cancers, and 10.) patients who have exhausted conventional systemic therapy options by using the objective response rate (ORR).

Primary Outcome Measures

Objective Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]

Number of patients with Complete Response (CR) + Number of patients with Partial Response (PR) / total number of patients (# with CR + # with PR + # with SD + # with PD), per RECIST v1.1: CR: Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm. PR: ≥ 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum of diameters. Stable Disease (SD): Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum of diameters while on study. Progressive Disease (PD): ≥ 20% increase in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. The appearance ≥1 new lesion(s) is considered progression.

Secondary Outcome Measures

  1. Complete Response Rate (CRR) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]Proportion of patients with complete response per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST v1.1): Number of patients with Complete Response (CR) / total number of patients (# with CR + # with PR + # with SD + # with PD). CR: disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (target or non-target) with reduction in short axis to <10 mm. Stable Disease (SD): Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum of diameters while on study. Progressive Disease (PD): ≥ 20% increase in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. The appearance ≥1 new lesion(s) is considered progression.
  2. Duration of response (DOR) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]Time between the initial response to treatment per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) guideline (version 1.1) and subsequent disease progression among patients achieving Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR). Per RECIST v1.1, Complete Response (CR): disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm. Partial Response (PR): At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.
  3. Disease control rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]Number of patients with Complete Response (CR) + Number of patients with Partial Response (PR) + Number of patients with Stable Disease (SD) / total number of patients (# with CR + # with PR + # with SD + # with PD), per RECIST v1.1. (CR):disappearance of all target lesions.Any pathological lymph nodes (target or non-target) with reduction in short axis to <10 mm. Partial Response (PR): ≥30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters. Stable Disease (SD):Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum diameters while on study. Progressive Disease (PD):≥20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). The sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of ≥5 mm. The appearance ≥1 new lesion(s) is considered progression.
  4. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]The length of time after TIL infusion treatment that a patient lives with disease that does not progress per RECIST v1.1. Per RECIST, Progressive Disease (PD): ≥20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). The sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of ≥5 mm. The appearance ≥1 new lesion(s) is considered progression.
  5. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]The length of time from the start of treatment that patients are still alive.

Inclusion Criteria

Measurable locally advanced, recurrent, or metastatic cancer associated with one of the following cancer types: 1.) gastric/esophagogastric, 2.) colorectal, 3.) pancreatic, 4.) sarcoma, 5.) mesothelioma, 6.) neuroendocrine, 7.) squamous cell cancer, 8.) Merkle cell, 9.) mismatch repair deficient and/or microsatellite unstable cancers, and 10.) patients who have exhausted conventional systemic therapy options

Patients with locally advanced disease should be unresectable by conventional surgical approaches.

Patients with distant metastatic spread must have previously received approved first-line systemic therapies if they are eligible to receive these treatments.

Patients must be co-enrolled on the companion protocol HCC 17-220 (cell Harvest and Preparation to Support Adoptive cell therapy Clinical Protocols and Pre-Clinical Studies) and have available TIL cultures for therapy.

Patients with 3 or fewer brain metastases that are less than 1 cm in diameter and asymptomatic are eligible. Lesions that have been treated with stereotactic radiosurgery must be clinically stable for 1 month after treatment for the patient to be eligible. Patients with surgically resected brain metastases are eligible.

Greater than or equal to 18 years of age and less than or equal to age 75

Able to understand and sign the informed consent Document

Clinical performance status of ECOG 0 or 1

Life expectancy of greater than three months

Patients of both genders who are of child-bearing potential must be willing to practice birth control from the time of enrollment on this study and for up to four months after receiving the treatment.

Serology:

  • Seronegative for HIV antibody. (The experimental treatment being evaluated in this protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who are HIV seropositive can have decreased immune-competence and thus be less responsive to the experimental treatment and more susceptible to its toxicities.)
  • Seronegative for hepatitis B antigen
  • Seronegative for hepatitis C antibody. If hepatitis C antibody test is positive, then patient must be tested for the presence of antigen by RT-PCR and be HCV RNA negative.

Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test because of the potentially dangerous effects of the treatment on the fetus.

Hematology

  • Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1000/mm3 without the support of filgrastim
  • WBC ≥ 3000/mm3
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm3
  • Hemoglobin > 8.0 g/dl

Chemistry

  • Serum ALT/AST ≤ to 3.5 times the upper limit of normal Serum creatinine ≤ to 1.6 mg/dl
  • Total bilirubin ≤ to 2.0 mg/dl, except in patients with Gilbert’s Syndrome who must have a total bilirubin less than 3.0 mg/dl.

More than four weeks must have elapsed since any prior systemic therapy at the time the patient receives the preparative regimen, and patients’ toxicities must have recovered to a clinically manageable level (except for toxicities such as alopecia or vitiligo). (Note: Patients may have undergone minor surgical procedures within the past 3 weeks, as long as all toxicities have recovered to grade 1 or less)

Exclusion Criteria

Women of child-bearing potential who are pregnant or breastfeeding because of the potentially dangerous effects of the treatment on the fetus or infant.

Any form of primary immunodeficiency (such as Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disease).

Concurrent opportunistic infections (The experimental treatment being evaluated in this protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who have decreased immune competence may be less responsive to the experimental treatment and more susceptible to its toxicities).

Active systemic infections (e.g.: requiring anti-infective treatment),

Clinically significant coagulation disorder

Active major medical illnesses deemed clinically significant by the treating physician

History of clinically significant major organ autoimmune disease

Patients with a history of hypothyroidism are eligible

Concurrent systemic steroid therapy.

History of severe immediate hypersensitivity reaction to any of the agents used in this study.

History of active coronary or ischemic symptoms.

Documented LVEF of less than or equal to 45%; note: testing is required in patients with:

  • Age > 65 years’ old
  • Clinically significant atrial and or ventricular arrhythmias including but not limited to: atrial fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, second- or third-degree heart block or have a history of ischemic heart disease, chest pain.

Documented FEV1 less than or equal to 60% predicted tested in patients with:

  • A prolonged history of cigarette smoking (20 pk/year of smoking within the past 2 years).
  • Symptoms of respiratory dysfunction

Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents.

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Source: the U.S. National Institutes of Health via ClinicalTrials.gov. Last updated: May 17th, 2019.

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Last update: May 07, 2019. 08:38:48 pm.